Engineering hydrology is the applied science of water resources engineering. It is concerned with the study of the hydrological cycle like runoff, precipitation, transpiration, estimation of water resources, etc. It analyzes the problem of floods and drought and aims to formulate preventive measures. This field finds its application in planning and management of water resources, floods forecasting, calculating rainfall, determining water balance, catchment hydrology, creating measures to control erosion and sedimentation and hydropower generation. This field focuses on determining water yield from a basin, studying the groundwater development, and determining the maximum intensity of the storm. This book brings forth some of the most innovative concepts and elucidates the unexplored aspects of engineering hydrology. From theories to research to practical applications, case studies related to all contemporary topics of relevance to this field have been included herein. This book is a vital tool for all researching or studying this domain as it gives incredible insights into emerging trends and concepts.